Analyzes detect drugs in the urine on average for 5 days after a single use. The rate of elimination is affected by many factors – from the dosage and frequency of use to age and health. In the article, we will consider how different long drugs stay in the urine and how to speed up the process of removing surfactants from the body.
How Long Do Pain Pills Stay in Your Urine?
|Cannabis (Marijuana, Hashish)||5-8 days||up to 2 months|
|Spice (synthetic cannabinoids)||up to 5 days||up to 1.5 months|
|“Bath Salt” (Mephedrone)||up to 7 days||up to 2 months|
|Heroin||up to 2 days||up to 2 weeks|
|Methadone||up to 8 days||up to 3-4 weeks|
|Codeine (painkillers)||up to 2 days||up to 3 days|
|Cocaine||up to 4 days||up to 3 weeks|
|Amphetamine and Methamphetamine||up to 9 days||from 3 to 6 months|
|Ecstasy (MDMA)||up to 3 days||up to 1 week|
|LSD||up to 1 day||up to 5 days|
|Barbiturates (hypnotics and sedatives)||up to 2 days||up to 1 week|
|Antidepressants||up to 2 days||up to 2 weeks|
What affects the rate of elimination?
How much a drug holds in the urine depends on some factors:
- Features of anesthesia. The rate of removal of toxins is influenced by the type of substance, the dosage and the duration of its administration.
- The constitution of the body. Part of the narcotic compounds from the bloodstream to the fatty layer, from which it is released back into the bloodstream and enters the urine. The more fatty layer, the longer the surfactant lasts in the body.
- Age features. The level of toxins depends on the quality of the liver enzymes that purify the blood. The activity of these enzymes is significantly lower in the elderly, children and adolescents.
- Health status. Diseases of the excretory system, gastrointestinal tract, liver, and kidneys break and slow down the natural process of cleansing the body – the poison does not have time to go out and accumulates in the body.
- Lifestyle. Indiscriminate and unhealthy diet, smoking and alcohol disrupt the healthy work of the excretion organs. A lack of physical activity slows down the cleaning processes.
How to check urine for drugs?
To establish the fact of addiction to urea, you can use the pharmacy rapid test or laboratory tests. Let’s take a closer look at each method.
The rapid test is sold in any pharmacy (cost from 100 to 1500 rubles) and is ideal for urinalysis of drugs at home. It consists of thin strips (for testing for 1-5 types of surfactants) and plates (5-10 and more) with indicators installed at the ends.
When immersed in urine, antibodies on the indicators interact with psychotropic compounds of a specific type, and this reaction is manifested by staining the indicator. And according to the intensity of staining, you can determine the dosage and the limitation period of use: a bright indicator indicates a high dose and recent use, and gradually appearing and dim – a small dose or a long-term dose.
- Lower the test into any urine container to the mark indicated on it.
- Keep the indicator in urine for 1-2 minutes.
- Put on a flat dry surface, wait for the results to show 15-20 minutes.
Important! Drug tests can not reveal some drugs:
- “Designer.” The formulas of popular synthetic spies and salts are constantly changing, and pharmaceutical companies cannot manufacture products with suitable indicators.
- Barbiturates and antidepressants. Due to the huge variety of drugs, it is impossible to create universal indicators.
- Marijuana. Cannabis is very quickly absorbed into the fat layer, so the test may not show its presence even 1-2 days after ingestion.
The most reliable way to ensure drug addiction is to pass urine for drugs in a professional laboratory.
Chemical-toxicological research – CTI – is more expensive than pharmacy (the average cost is 3,000 to 7,000 rubles) and will require 3-7 days of waiting. But unlike pharmaceuticals, testing on first electronic analyzers will allow identifying any type of psychotropic drugs, including designer drugs, sleeping pills, and antidepressants.
Pain killer: four common questions about their use
Religious treatises regard pain as a means of purifying the soul. Physiologists – as an achievement of evolution, allowing living organisms to avoid danger. And we are like an annoying reality that prevents us from living a full life. Therefore, painkillers are present in every home medicine chest.
What pains need painkillers?
The need for drugs arises from bruises, injuries, dislocations, sprains, arthritis and radiculitis, headache and toothache, menstrual pain. With renal colic, when the stone moves along the ureter and passes the urethra, the pain is generally unbearable!
A pain reliever based on Ketorolac perfectly helps to eliminate toothache and headache. It can also have a beneficial effect on the reduction of the inflammatory process (which is inherent in the whole group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, to which ketorolac belongs), which is important for injuries.
Ketorolac quickly eliminates toothache and headache. But this is only the main list of its properties, besides that it is still effective in other diseases accompanied by pain. And for women, it is simply an indispensable tool for pain during menstruation.
Why pain occurs during menstruation and how to take painkillers?
Pain during menstruation occurs most often in young women. And the root causes may be the anatomical features of the woman: the incorrect position of the uterus or the individual characteristics of the organism. But secondary causes are also possible: inflammatory processes, surgeries, endometriosis, fibromatous nodes, and more. In such situations, effectively dealing with painful periods can only be done with an anesthetic.
How long and how often can you take painkillers?
According to the instructions, ketorolac can be taken at intervals of 6-8 hours during or after meals for 7 days. With menstrual pain it is better to drink 2 times a day (morning and evening). One or two days is usually enough. Ketorolac is a fast-acting substance and the effect can be felt within a minute after taking it.
Can I use Ketorolac with other medicines?
Always take extreme caution when taking pain medication, as in certain tandem with other drugs they can cause undesirable effects.
The most common mistake when using painkillers is a combination of several drugs that belong to the same pharmacological group, but have different names and different active ingredients.
Therefore, it is prohibited to take Ketorolac with other drugs of a number of NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). They are similar in action and reinforce the side effects of each other.
In addition, there are drugs whose effect can weaken Ketorolac.
Of course, pain is an integral part of the life of any person, but if you have Ketorolac packaging in your first-aid kit, you can quickly forget about it!
How many times a day can you take painkillers?
How many times a day (for 24 hours) can you take painkillers? And with severe pain and exacerbations? How long does it take? Especially night time interests – at this time the pain is noticeably aggravated. Rather, it is very noticeably sharpened.
Be sure to read the instructions – and keep in mind your weight (after all, everything is basically designed for 70 kg of a person) and if you weigh less, consider. Do not exceed a single and daily dose! Use measures to protect the stomach.
After all, more and more new medicines are constantly being produced.
Then, when the stitches were slightly cleaned of pus, injections were made after 6 hours, then after 12.
If a headache is salvation in a contrasting soul: when you pour hot or cold water on your head. Gymnastics for vessels.
And with a different location of pain – I try to turn off the brain. I take a binder of humorous magazines and laugh through tears – and at least not immediately, but it helps!
Now I have cancer. I did a trypan biopsy (they took a piece), and everything was confirmed. Walking and begging painkillers in oncology every day is also torture. Therefore, I don’t go there anymore – it’s better to die from pain at home.
What happens if you take painkillers every day, 1 time per day or every other day?
Thanks in advance to everyone for the answers.
I myself drink exactly Sedlagin from a strong golvona of pain and what to do if medicine cannot and does cure strong golvonye pains, but it is simply impossible to endure them
And, if it hurts for 3 months, and “doctors cannot do anything,” how long will they take more pills? Painkillers block pain, but do not cure.
How to take painkillers: 9 major mistakes
It was a hard day, and back pain in Kirill Sergeevich was simply unbearable.
His wife had several Oxycodone tablets remaining after a visit to the dentist. And in the first-aid kit, there was a large bottle of Tylenol. Kirill Sergeevich, without further ado, drank a couple of pills and both of them and washed them down with beer …
Fortunately, Kirill Sergeevich is a fictional character invented for this article. But, unfortunately, many people regularly make such mistakes, harming their health.
Want to determine what mistakes made Kirill? We present you a list of the mistakes people make when taking painkillers, compiled by pharmacist Christine Benzo and Dr. Eric Heinz from the Victory Over Pain Hospital in Trinity, Florida, USA.
Error when taking painkillers No. 1: one medicine is good, and two is better
When pain in the joints, in the spine, in toothache and other pain occurs, doctors prescribe painkillers precisely in the form of such a medicine and in such a dose as they are told by their knowledge and experience in treating other patients.
Doubling or tripling the dose of medicine will not accelerate the disappearance of pain, but it can easily contribute to the appearance of harmful side effects.
“Whatever you do, the first dose of the painkiller cannot act faster than five minutes,” says the pharmacist. – In some drugs, increasing the dose will not affect the improvement of the therapeutic effect. And increasing the doses of other drugs can easily bring the case to the ambulance call.
If you have taken the required dose of medication, but it did not give the expected effect, do not double the dose, it is better to consult a doctor about the fact that this medicine does not work on you.
“This kind of behavior is when patients self-double the dose of medicine without asking a doctor — a common headache for doctors around the world,” says Heins. – Patients should follow the instructions, and the doctor gives them. It would seem that it could be simpler: before leaving the doctor’s office, ask him: is it possible to increase the dose if the remedy does not help? What is the maximum daily dose of this drug that does not cause harm to health? ”
Another common problem is when a person, by taking one drug and not receiving a reduction in pain, takes an additional completely different medication, or even more than one. “A patient at home can have ibuprofen, naproxen, and acetaminophen, and he can take them all in one fell swoop,” says Benzo. Of course, this can lead to very bad consequences, so you can never do that.
Mistake number 2: double overdose
People often take painkillers without even reading the labels on the medicine bottle. As a result, they may not even be aware of what means and in what dosage they take.
This approach to treatment is fraught with huge problems. If they take two or more drugs – even those that are sold without a prescription, they may not think that the combined drugs may duplicate each other.
So, Kirill Sergeevich took a drug containing a daily dose of acetaminophen (paracetamol). But he also drank the combination drug Tylenol, which also contains acetaminophen.
Mistake number 3: use of painkillers with alcohol
Most often, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and alcohol reinforce each other’s effects. Therefore, on the labels of painkillers hanging warning label “do not take with alcohol.”
Such a sticker (in the USA) depicts a glass of martini in a circle with a slash, which means a ban in all languages. Of course, this also applies to all other alcoholic beverages, including wine and beer.
“When people see such a label, they often think: well, I won’t drink alcohol, I’ll drink a beer! – Says Benzo. – But in reality, the label “no alcohol” means “NO alcohol!”
“The patient should listen very carefully to such warnings. Drunk alcohol can quickly become intoxicated and make it stronger, which can worsen a person’s critical assessment of the situation and, as a result, lead to trouble. – Says Dr. Heinz. “This is important even if you are taking relatively mild painkillers that you can buy without a prescription.”
Error number 4: disregard for drug interactions
Joint problems – a direct path to disability!
Stop tolerating this joint pain! Record a proven prescription from an experienced doctor.
Before taking any new medicine for you, you need to remember that other drugs or dietary supplements that you may be taking may interact with it. Some of these agents may interact with painkillers and increase the risk of side effects.
For example, regular aspirin can affect the work of diabetic non-insulin-containing drugs, codeine and oxycodone change the work of antidepressants, and so on.
Therefore, before the doctor prescribes a painkiller for you, dictate a complete list of all the medicines, herbs and nutritional supplements you are currently taking. Moreover, Benzo recommends that when buying a drug at a pharmacy, the pharmacist should also show the same list.
Mistake number 5: driving while taking these drugs
There is a risk that painkillers can make you sleepy, which can trigger an accident.
“Different people can react very differently to such drugs,” says Benzo. – And if such drugs do not have a sleeping effect on me, it is not a fact that your reaction to this or that medicine will be the same.
Therefore, I recommend trying to take the drug first at home and see how you will feel in the background of its reception. Do not take two pills of a new, unknown means, and then get behind the wheel. ”
Mistake number 6: take medicines from other people who you did not register
Unfortunately, very often people, trying to help their relatives, friends or colleagues cope with pain, share their medications with them. It is a terrible idea – especially when it comes to painkillers.
“I have a good medicine that helped me,” thinks Kirill Sergeyevich’s wife. “Why not share it with him?”
For example, an allergic reaction to the drug may occur, or the interaction with other drugs may cause life-threatening side effects.
Mistake number 7: you do not discuss the prescribed medication with a pharmacist at the pharmacy
Competently treat your health in this sense – not only read the annotations to the medicine that you have been prescribed, even if you can make out what is written in small print.
If you have questions about drugs, especially prescription drugs, do not be lazy to spend a few minutes asking their pharmacist at the pharmacy.
“That’s why I’m always at my workplace,” says pharmacist Benzo. “You may need to wait a few minutes before I finish with another patient, but then I will thoroughly answer all your questions about the medicine and help solve all the difficulties you may have.”
Mistake number 8: the use of drugs with an expired shelf life
The wife of Kirill Sergeevich is also partly to blame for his mistakes. She needed to throw away those pain pills that she had left after the dentist (of course, when a toothache had already passed).
Why? Because drugs stored at home begin to break down much faster than when stored in a pharmacy. This is especially important in cases where the drugs are stored in a humid environment (for example, on a shelf in the bathroom).
Usually, people say: “Just think, the storage period ended just a year ago, the tablet is still working!” But if you take medicine that has been stored at home for a long time, it may not have any therapeutic effect, but then you may be poisoned by the decay products of this medicine This may result in an ambulance call.
Another reason for discarding old medicines is that someone else may decide to use them, tempted that the medicine, for example, is good, expensive, and the shelf life ended up not too long ago. Of course, this can be fraught with problems.
Do not forget about teen addiction. It often happens when children come to their parents or grandparents, they find these pills, swallow them, and then go to a party where they again use such drugs or alcohol.
Mistake number 9: breaking into pieces of drugs, the integrity of which can not be broken
All drugs have their specific way of delivering them to the target organs. If you try to take medicines not in the way that was intended by scientists and doctors, there will be no sense in taking such medicine.
Therefore, if the tablets can be divided into parts, then this should be done strictly through the appropriate line or groove. And in some drugs, for example, produced in capsules, it is generally impossible to break the shell.
Unfortunately, more and more people are neglecting these tips. And then they say: “This pill has some unpleasant taste!” It happens because the shell of the medication was broken, which is impossible.
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How to speed up the removal of drugs
Drug addicts know many “home” ways to speed up the cleansing of the body and hide the fact of use:
- Water. 2 liters of pure non-carbonated water per day will help restore and speed up the metabolism, remove as many toxic compounds with urine and sweat.
- Proper diet. Dairy products, soups, and broths also help to “boost” the metabolism, avoiding fat and spicy reduce the load on the liver and kidneys, and fresh fruits and vegetables, cereals and olive oil strengthen the liver.
- Physical exercise. Running, swimming, yoga and moderate exercise improves blood flow, saturate the body with oxygen and accelerate the elimination of toxins through sweat.
- Healthy lifestyle. Refusal from cigarettes and alcohol facilitates the work of the excretory system, protects organs from destruction.
- “Ethnoscience.” Broths of herbs (yarrow, dandelion juice, nettle, ginger) help to clean the kidneys and liver – but can cause serious poisoning and kidney failure when the addict is weakened. And baths and saunas in an accelerated mode remove toxins from the sweat but are dangerous in case of violations of the cardiovascular system.
If urine showed drugs, the safest way to cleanse the body is to contact a professional drug treatment clinic for a detoxification procedure. Based on the condition of the patient, drug clinics offer the following services:
- Classic detox. Suitable for all types of addiction, except for opium, held in several sessions – from 1-2 days to a week. The patient is given a drip with saline solutions and special medicines, which accelerate the natural withdrawal of surfactants and help to cope with the consequences of breaking – pain syndrome, nervous disorders, insomnia.
- Accelerated Opioid Detoxification (AML). It is prescribed for opium addiction when the patient cannot sustain a course of classical detox due to the painful withdrawal syndrome. Under anesthesia, opium antagonist drugs are injected into the patient, which purify the brain receptors and artificially accelerate the breaking process. The addict spends 5-8 hours unconscious and returns to reality without a physical need for surfactants.
- Plasmapheresis and hemosorption. Physiotherapy procedures are prescribed for overdose and liver and kidney failure. The patient’s blood is passed through special devices that remove toxic plasma or purify the blood with a filter sorbent.
It is important to understand: detoxification is not a complete treatment for drug addiction, but only its first stage. Cleansing the body of narcotic compounds helps get rid of the most obvious and painful symptoms of drug addiction, but this is not enough to completely abandon the surfactant.
Drug addiction is a severe, progressive, and complex disease that includes both physical, psychological, and social factors. And its root is the psychological and social problems that push the addict to use. Often these are children’s traumas and parenting mistakes, low self-esteem, inability to cope with stressful situations without the help of “doping.”
Therefore, detoxification of a little dependent person needs a comprehensive rehabilitation program, which will save him from psycho-emotional disorders, will be held away from the usual situation and will deprive access to surfactants.
Such conditions are offered by modern drug treatment hospitals: the patient is isolated from society, protected from the threat of breakdown, daily passes personal and group psychotherapy sessions and consciously comes to a complete rejection of psychotropic substances.