Ethyl alcohol, which contains any alcoholic drink, is quickly absorbed through the mucous membranes of the mouth, stomach, intestines and enters the blood.
With it, it is distributed to various organs, where it is partially decomposed, exhaled by the lungs, and also evaporates from the surface of the skin.
The rest goes directly into the urine (in nursing mothers, alcohol also goes into the milk). In the blood, it can be detected already after 30-40 minutes.
Alcohol in the urine is detected in about 1.5-2 hours. How quickly absorption takes place, and the presence of ethanol in the blood and urine depends on the type of alcoholic beverages, on the stage of alcohol dependence. In women, absorption is easier.
What determines the alcohol content in the urine?
How long will it take to remove all of the ethanol from the body? How long does the state of intoxication last depending on the drink?
If we compare the accuracy of the results obtained in the analysis of exhaled air, urine and blood, then we can no doubt say that the most accurate will be a blood test. No external factors influence the blood ethanol content. This indicator depends only on the dose of the drink consumed and on the individual characteristics of the organism.
Its content in exhaled vapors is influenced by the inevitable presence of impurities in the air itself (gasoline fumes, dust), as well as acetone vapors and other decomposition products of ethanol.
Alcohol in the urine usually lasts longer than in the blood. It can be found there even a few days after a heavy drink.
Urine contains the more ethanol, the longer the drinker does not urinate. In a person with alcohol dependence, the body fails to remove it at all. There is constantly kept at a certain level of alcohol content.
Knowing how quickly it is displayed, and how long it lasts there, one can judge that a person has consumed alcohol, but how drunk he is, it will not work.
If at the same time to do a urine test for different people who have drunk the same type of alcohol, then the indicators will be different:
- A healthy man will have less content than a woman of the same weight, since the female digestive organs have thinner shells.
Alcohol is absorbed faster. That is why female alcoholism is even more dangerous than male alcoholism. A woman lasts longer within the bounds of decency, convincing those around her that she does not have a dependence on alcohol;
- In an alcoholic, the absorption of ethanol occurs much faster; its concentration at the same time will be higher than in a healthy person.
Even if the blood test shows ethanol content of 0%, then in the urine it is kept at the level of 1.5-2%.
Factors affecting the speed of alcohol processing and its elimination
How much time will it take to process ethanol to get it out of the body through urine? It depends on the following factors:
- Type of drunk alcohol (beer, wine, vodka, and others), their strength;
- How much alcohol is taken, and for how long the person consumed it. If the same amount of alcohol is drunk longer, then until a new dose arrives, the previous one is already out of the body;
- The composition and gender of the person;
- How many hours, days have passed since the last use of alcoholic beverages;
- The state of human health. Recycling of ethanol, its decomposition is performed in the liver. It produces bile and enzymes, on which it depends how long the toxin (ethanol and its derivatives) lasts in the body. The longer he does not go out with the urine, the harder the symptoms of a hangover will be;
- Emotional mood. The more excited a person is, the faster the body will be able to remove ethanol and its products.
The table reflects the data on the relationship between the strength of drinks, the amount of alcohol consumed, the weight of a person and the time it takes to leave the body (will not be detected in urine and blood).
|Alcohol drink, fortress||Human weight(kilograms)||A dose of liquor(grams)|
Beer is digested easier than other alcoholic beverages. Accordingly, it is possible to remove it with urine faster. However, it poisons the body no less than strong ones, such as vodka, brandy or whiskey. Due to this, the period of its negative impact increases. The reason for this is as follows:
- The volume of beer drunk is usually much more than, for example, brandy. Accordingly, the time after which it goes out increases;
- Organ poisoning occurs not only with ethanol but also with fusel oils, of which there are much more than vodka;
- The more a person drinks beer, the more the body needs to withdraw fluid. A large load on the kidneys and the heart leads to changes in the heart muscle, vascular wear and the appearance of kidney diseases.
The longer alcohol in the urine is present, the stronger its effect on the body. And this means that a person cannot drive a car all this time, perform work requiring special attention and care.
What do you need to do to withdraw alcohol quickly? Alcohol is eliminated more rapidly if you drink more fluids (mineral water without gas or herbal diuretic teas are best).
How much alcohol does urine hold? Answer this question is not as easy as it seems. The main problem is that a variety of factors affect the absorption of alcohol into the body.
The main nuances in the studied question are the following components:
- the number of drinks consumed;
- alcohol strength.
Accordingly, it can be said that vodka will last longer in blood and urine than beer. Therefore, one has to pay attention to the numerous features of the mentioned topic.
Blood and urine
How much alcohol is excreted from the body? This is a tough question. As already noted, a variety of factors influence the duration of ethanol from alcohol in the blood and urine.
It’s no secret that in the first case, the use of strong drinks will manifest instantly. Ethanol enters the bloodstream faster than in the urine. But it is also displayed earlier.
From this it follows that it may turn out this way – there is already no ethanol in the blood, but it still exists in the urine. Or vice versa. Because of this, every person wants to know how much alcohol is held in the urine.
It is essential to understand that the human body processes ethyl alcohol in several stages. The substance passes through 3 stages.
- Suction. Through the thin walls of the digestive system, alcohol enters the blood. The process takes about 30 minutes, sometimes one hour. In women, alcohol is absorbed faster than in men. Alcoholics, too.
- Distribution. At this stage, ethyl alcohol trapped in the blood will be spread throughout the human body.
- Derivation. Ethanol is oxidized and excreted. The process depends on a huge number of factors.
This process begins in the human body after the first drink of alcohol. But how much is it displayed? What factors, besides those listed above, affect the process of ethanol removal?
About suction in detail
Now a little about what can affect the rate of absorption of alcohol. Of course, except the strength of the drink and its volume.
A huge role is played by a person’s lifestyle. The thing is that:
- in alcoholics, absorption is faster than in healthy people;
- women are more rapid than men intoxicated;
- an empty stomach allows you to get drunk faster, and full slows down the period of absorption.
It all depends on the physiological characteristics of a particular person. Someone alcohol is absorbed and removed faster; some of this process requires more time.
Delay in the body depending on the strength
Now a little specifics. How long does alcohol stay in urine after beer? Recent studies have shown that 4% of beer (1/5 bottle) begins to be processed by the body within half an hour.
More specifically, by drinking no more than half a liter of beer, you can hope for a cleansing of the body within a few hours. A glass of champagne is displayed longer. This operation will take at least 1.5 hours. 0.5 liters of champagne is kept in the body for about 8 hours. This information is relevant for people of ordinary physique.
But for people with increased weight, the processing of ethyl alcohol is faster. Thus, it will take about 5 hours for a person to remove half a liter of champagne. A glass of wine is displayed in 2 hours, 0.5 liters – 14 hours (+ – 120 minutes). Liquor remains in the body throughout the day from the moment of its use.
How much does alcohol stay in urine after vodka? A liter of this drink will not leave the human body for several days. More precisely, the process of complete removal of vodka takes 48 hours or more. Today it is considered that cognac is stronger than vodka. He holds 1.5 days.
About the features of drinks
How quickly is alcohol eliminated from the body of a man or a woman? The answer to this question forces to take into account a vast number of factors.
It should be taken into account that “light” alcohol (wine, gin and tonic, beer) is absorbed faster. Accordingly, such drinks are derived from urine and blood earlier than stronger analogs. The only damage to the body from beer is caused to a greater extent. For example, due to the development of the “beer heart.”
Urine alcohol formation
Where does alcohol come from in urine? It’s no secret that the liver and stomach process the bulk of this substance (about 90%). The remaining 10% is eliminated from the body through breathing, and also with sweat and urine. In lactating women, alcohol is excreted along with milk.
When are the first signs of drinking alcohol in the urine visible? This process takes approximately 120 minutes. It is during this time that the kidneys will begin to sweat ethyl alcohol.
It is precisely because of this that blood tests are used in studies on the state of intoxication. This option is considered the most accurate and informative. After all, alcohol gets into the blood faster than in urine.
About the accuracy of urine tests
How accurate is the urine analysis after drinking alcoholic beverages? Answering this question is also not easy. It is approximately clear how much alcohol is excreted from the body. But how quickly can you analyze the urine?
In general, urination is a controlled process. Therefore, it is possible that in the absence of circulation into the toilet from blood, ethyl alcohol will disappear, and it will be detected in urine. As already mentioned, in the urine this substance lasts longer.
It is possible to predict only approximately how much alcohol will appear in the urine. What time constraints should I rely on? How much alcohol is kept in the urine until complete disappearance?
It is recommended not to take a urine test after 2-3 days after taking intoxicating drinks. That is how much time the body often needs for complete purification. In exceptional cases, ethanol is eliminated through urine longer.
Rules and Values
Ideally, the urine should not be a single ppm of alcohol. Nevertheless, the use of alcoholic beverages does not always lead to the formation of ethanol in urine and blood. For example, kvass or kefir sometimes increase the level of alcohol. Therefore, 0.1 ppm of this substance is allowed in research. A similar result is a today considered the norm.
Dubious can be called an analysis with a content of up to 1 ppm. Similar results indicate an old alcohol intake (2-3 days ago) or recent drinking of non-alcoholic beverages with ethyl alcohol. Such testimony should not be punished when driving.
What is the time in urine alcohol keeps? The table below will help to clarify the topic being studied. In this case, it means the average person with normal kidney function.
|Citizen weight/alcohol||60 kg||70 kg||80 kg||90 kg||100 kg|
|Beer 4% (100 grams)||35 minutes||30 minutes||26 minutes||23 minutes||21 minutes|
|Beer 4% (200 grams)||1 hour 44 minutes||1 hour 29 minutes||1 hour 18 minutes||70 minutes||1 hour 3 minutes|
|Beer 6% (100 grams)||52 minutes||45 minutes||39 minutes||35 minutes||31 minutes|
|Beer 6% (200 grams)||2 hours 27 minutes||2 hours 14 minutes||1 hour 57 minutes||1 hour 44 minutes||94 minutes|
|Vodka 40% (100 grams)||348 minutes||298 minutes||261 minutes||232 minutes||209 minutes|
Please note that the proposed table is not exhaustive. Such a period of ethyl alcohol is not relevant to all people. Therefore, we can merely say that in the urine the substance will be located and determined for several days. After 3-4 days, drunk alcohol finally comes out of the urine and blood. But if you use a lot of liquid, you can achieve zero ethanol content in a faster time.
Results and conclusions
Now I understand how much alcohol in the blood and urine. As already mentioned, the elimination of ethyl alcohol is influenced by various factors. In addition to all the previously listed nuances, you must take into account:
- age of the person;
- the health of a citizen (especially the work of the kidneys);
- the amount of drink drunk;
- the duration of alcohol use;
Thus, the female body processes about 9 grams of alcohol per hour. Sometimes more, in some cases less. Everything is strictly individual.
If it is planned to conduct this or that medical research, it is advisable to give up hot drinks 3-4 days before collecting the relevant biological material. Even better – in a week. This technique helps to achieve 100% accurate results that do not show the presence of ethanol in urine.
The human body is a mystery to physicians. Each person has their characteristics. It is about them that is often forgotten when asking how quickly alcohol is eliminated. Therefore, no one can give accurate data. It is enough to remember all the previously listed features and focus on a complete cleansing of the body within a few days.
How much can you drink in the evening so as not to worry about alcohol in the urine?
After a busy day, you want to relax a little and allow yourself a beer, a glass of wine or a stronger drink, and in the morning you must drive. Whether a dose of alcohol is essential in the case of an analysis depends on how long the alcohol lasts in the urine.
There is a direct link between the volume of alcohol consumed, its strength and the period of its elimination.
The indicators depend on the general state of health, the rate and degree of filtration of the kidneys, the characteristics of metabolic processes.
The volume of strong alcoholic drink (at least 40 °) of about 400 ml, drunk the day before, can be determined within 20 hours after consumption. On average, one should expect that the analyzes will be objective for approximately another day.
Concentration depends on the phase of intoxication. During resorption, arterial blood has the highest rate. The reliability of the presence of alcohol in the urine can be determined only if the sample is taken from the ureter.
In the bladder there is a constant mixing of fresh portions, so the concentration changes depending on the emptying and intake of additional drinking. Modern tests can fix the slightest remnants.
With thirst and dehydration, alcohol in the urine lasts longer than with a normal water balance.
The elimination phase is characterized by an increase in value. The final test results depend on the level of acetone or sugar.
Factors affecting the duration of elimination:
- a volume of consumed product;
- drink strength;
- the emotional state of the person at the time of use (stress can significantly reduce the degree of intoxication);
- a frequency of reception at regular times (daily, on holidays);
- gender, a weight of the patient (men with a large body mass are less susceptible to small dosages);
- the presence of problems with the kidneys, liver.
According to the research, about 100 ml of beer is displayed in about half an hour. The content of a half-liter bottle is recycled for several hours. Champagne takes more time – about an hour and a half for a glass.
The most long-withdrawn alcoholic drink is considered to be brandy because of tannins contained in it. Along with him is whiskey: the more exposure, the longer the interval will be needed for the processing of the drink.
If a routine examination is to be done, on the eve of the morning analysis it is better to refuse to take alcohol-containing products in order to get an objective picture.
In order not to distort the main indicators, it is optimal to refrain from drinking for several days.
The path of liquor in the human body
Ethyl alcohol, which is contained in various quantities in various types of alcoholic beverages, goes through several stages of transformation:
- Suction. As soon as the “hot” drink enters the stomach, it instantly enters the veins. After reaching the maximum concentration of alcohol in the circulatory system, the next stage begins.
- Derivation. The body gets rid of drunk through the kidneys with urine, through the skin with sweat, through the lungs with air vapor, through the digestive tract with saliva and feces.
- Oxidation. The alcohol that remains after elimination is oxidized, decomposing into carbon dioxide and water. This process is the main factor influencing the time of its content inside.
What determines the rate of excretion
To answer the question – how much alcohol is stored in the blood and the urine, it is necessary to find out some circumstances, since the processes of accumulation and the rate of excretion depend on a number of factors:
- In the first place – the amount consumed. Accordingly, the more “hot” drink you have taken, the higher will be its content in urine and blood, which means that the period of elimination also increases.
- Fortress drink.
- The condition of the liver (diagnoses and treats hepatologist). This body is directly involved in the processing of alcoholic beverages. If there are any diseases of the liver and biliary ducts, or the production of an anti-alcohol enzyme is impaired, the alcohol derivatives will stay in the bloodstream and urine for much longer.
- The condition of the excretory organs. The main burden of alcohol removal falls on the kidneys. Also the skin, lungs, intestines take part in this. Accordingly, if there are any diseases of these organs, the accumulated alcohol will be excreted in the urine and then much longer.
- Last meal time. Eating intoxicating on an empty stomach speeds up its absorption. In this case, the concentration of alcohol in the blood increases dramatically, intoxication occurs faster, and it will also be displayed faster.
- The weight of a person. For thin people, alcohol is processed longer, which means that it is more slowly discharged.
- Reception of medicines. Some drugs can accelerate metabolic processes, while others, on the contrary, slow them down. Some substances reduce the absorption in the stomach, thus reducing the volume of alcohol derivatives in the circulatory system. Also, diuretic drugs contribute to the speedy release of alcohol in the urine.
Given these factors, it is impossible to say for sure how many days alcohol is kept in the blood and urine. These indicators are individual and may vary among different people due to their characteristics.
Studies show that 400 g of vodka is completely removed only after a day.
The table shows data that show the rate of elimination of alcohol from the body, depending on the weight of the person, the type of drink and the amount is taken
Blood and urine alcohol concentration
The concentration of alcohol in body fluids depends on their osmolarity and on how much time has passed since drinking alcoholic beverages.
For example, a person with a body weight of 80 kg drank a bottle of 0.5 beer 6 ‰. In an hour, the concentration of alcohol in the blood will be higher than in the urine, in 1.5-2 hours it will be equal, and in 2.5-3 hours its content in the urine will exceed the blood levels.
Alcohol, getting into the stomach, is absorbed into the bloodstream, getting into every cell of the body. The nervous tissue and the reproductive system are especially sensitive to it.
At its core, alcohol is a poisonous substance that is extremely unremarkable for ingestion, especially in large quantities.
To protect the body from toxic action, the liver actively purifies the blood of alcoholic substances, producing a particular enzyme – alcohol dehydrogenase. It breaks down alcohol to acetic aldehyde and then processes it into acetic acid. All of these compounds are very harmful to the organism as a whole, and the liver in particular.
An excessively drunk person experiences the first euphoria due to spasm of small vessels and improving the blood supply to the brain. It also ruins his health.
With each dose of a drunk person begins to control himself worse, loses clarity of vision, coordination of movements is disturbed, transmissions of nerve impulses are blocked, slurred incoherent speech appears, neural connections are destroyed, short-term memory practically does not work, so it happens that after a strong intoxication a person remembers.
Degrees of intoxication
There are such degrees:
- The detection of alcohol in the blood to 0.5 ‰ indicates a slight effect of alcohol.
- 0.5-1.5 – the process of natural intoxication.
- 1.5-2.5 – a sign of moderate intoxication.
- 2.5 – 3 ‰ speak of severe intoxication.
- 3-5 ‰ – severe poisoning of the body.
- A blood alcohol level of more than 5 is deadly to humans.
Changes caused by excessive alcohol consumption directly depend on the amount of alcohol consumed and on how healthy the person is in general, whether the organs can “clean up the area” and quickly reduce the concentration of alcohol in the blood and urine.
In order not to harm your health, you should think carefully before pouring another glass. It will be useful to use 50 grams of red wine, which is rich in antioxidants, cleansing the body from the products of bacteria. The main thing is to remember that everything is good in moderation.
How to speed up the elimination process?
To reduce the concentration of alcohol in the blood and urine, as well as to intensify the process of removing toxic substances, there are several ways. But, initially, you should stop consuming alcoholic beverages; otherwise all your actions will be in vain.
If a person’s condition leaves much to be desired, then you should not resort to drastic measures to speed up the metabolic processes and restore the healthy balance of alcohol concentration in body fluids. Enough to create a constant flow of fresh air and drink more soft drinks, mineral water is best, it effectively stimulates the kidneys.
You can also artificially induce vomiting to remove alcohol from the body, which has not yet had time to get into the circulatory system.
If a person feels well, then besides you can use the following recommendations:
- Take a warm shower, or bask in the bath or sauna – so you will effectively increase the sweating, and toxic substances will naturally come out through the skin.
- Walking on the street with exercise will help normalize brain activity and speed up metabolic processes.
- Drink more fluids – warm, sweet tea or coffee have a diuretic effect, will help to overcome drowsiness and normalize concentration. Also, you can even drink milk, water with lemon, broth with spices (cinnamon + cumin) or the well-known cucumber pickle (not marinade!).
- Vitamin-containing products such as citrus fruits, dried fruits, vegetables, nuts, bran, bread, and red pepper will help normalize the blood.
- Sorbents have a useful anti-toxic effect, so taking drugs such as activated carbon, polysorbate, enterodez, and regidron will help speed up the process of removing alcoholic toxins from the body.
When you can get behind the wheel?
If you drank even a small amount of alcohol the night before, then driving behind the wheel in the morning is not recommended, even under the condition that you feel fine after sleep. When alcohol intoxication takes place in the human body for some time, residual alcohol remains, the presence of which is quickly determined with the help of a breathalyzer.
Of course, the best option to determine the presence of alcohol in the inhaled air is a breathalyzer, but not all motorists have it on hand. Therefore, you can use the above table to calculate the approximate period of complete elimination of alcohol from the body.
For example, if you drank a bottle of beer (500 ml.), Then the average period of removal of alcohol from the body will vary from 2 to 3 hours. If you have used the same dose of vodka, it will take at least 24 hours to withdraw alcohol entirely.
But it is necessary to understand that not always the tabular values are correct, since, first of all, this indicator depends on the individual characteristics of your body.
How long does alcohol appear in the composition of urine?
The most common way to determine the presence of alcohol in a person is to conduct research using biomaterials such as saliva and urine.
Alcohol is characterized by hydrophilicity, which means its a more significant amount in an environment where water prevails.
The phase of intoxication also has a significant effect on how long alcohol will last. Thus, the highest concentration of alcohol shows during the resorption phase – at this time alcohol begins to flow directly from the blood into the tissue.
The percentage of alcohol inside the bladder is entirely dependent on how much fluid was taken and when the last emptying took place. When the effect of intoxication begins to pass, the presence of alcohol in the body may not be detected when giving blood for analysis. However, urine analysis will clarify everything.
For about five hours from the moment when alcohol was taken, it circulates through the human body. When the specified time interval expires, its disintegration phase begins.
What factors affect the time alcohol in the urine and blood?
These factors include the following specialists:
- a volume of drinks consumed containing alcohol;
- how strong was the liquor;
- gender of a person;
- how often a person consumes alcoholic beverages;
- how many people weigh;
- how much time has passed since the person took alcohol;
- a general characteristic of the state of human health.
When carrying out inspections by the traffic police, the traffic police do not need to believe one hundred percent to Alcohol Testers, because in some cases alcohol vapors can be identified in the oral cavity, even if the person behind the wheel only has problems with his teeth, stomach, has drunk a small glass of kvass.
It is also worth remembering that some alcohol is part of drugs aimed at refreshing the breath, kefir, fermentation products, toothpaste, and the like. For this reason, during the determination of the presence of alcohol by the breathing method “into the tube,” it is imperative to require an additional blood test to be performed.
How long does alcohol appear depending on the type of drink?
To determine how long alcoholic beverages are kept in saliva and blood, depending on the strength of the alcohol consumed, individual studies are conducted. The results show that 100 ml of beer (4%) disappears from the body 30 minutes after it is drunk. If half a liter of the same drink is drunk, the disappearance time is increased to three hours.
Champagne, drunk in an amount of 100 ml, is retained in the body for about 1.5 hours until it disappears entirely, and in an amount of 500 ml – 6 hours.
A 100 ml port of wine will show its presence in the blood test for about two hours. If half a liter of the drink was consumed, then the alcohol will reveal itself even after 10 hours.
As for the liqueur, it is able to stay in the human body for about 22 hours. But drunk a bottle of vodka people will have the presence of alcohol in his body for two days.
Cognac, on average, is kept for 30 hours, if you drink it in the amount of half a liter by yourself.
A more detailed study of the retention time of alcohol in the blood and urine of a person can be in the table below. The averaged information is collected here, so when calculating it is necessary to take into account the overall complexion of a person, his health, gender.
As accurately as possible to answer the question “How long can drinks be determined?” Containing alcohol, even a competent specialist will not be able to drink in the body.
However, it is essential to remember that the smaller the weight of a person, the longer it will take alcohol to leave his body.
To provide for intoxication for a long time, immediately before drinking alcohol should drink a few tablets of activated charcoal.
What affects the rate of alcohol withdrawal?
Once in the body, ethyl alcohol disperses through its systems for five hours. After a specified time begins the process of decay.
There are certain factors, under the influence of which alcohol after alcoholic beverages is eliminated faster or slower.
- The state of health of the liver. This is the main body responsible for the removal of toxins.
- Weight. A person with less weight starts to show signs of intoxication faster, and the removal of alcohol from him, on the contrary, is slower.
- Floor. It has been established experimentally that women get rid of the promilli by 20–25% slower than men, ceteris paribus.
- Age. The older a person, the more physically worn his body, the longer he cope with intoxication. The rate of elimination of alcohol varies by age: in men under 35 years, it is higher than adolescents and the elderly.
- The general condition of the body. From the functioning of the kidneys, bladder and sweat glands depend on the time of removal of toxins.
- Genetic predisposition. Features of the functioning of the liver are inherited, and in some people, this organ from birth poorly produces enzymes that help break down ethanol.
- The amount of water consumed. Indicators of the presence of alcohol are inversely proportional to the volume of liquids drunk and the frequency of visits to the toilet room.
- The strength and composition of the drink. The stronger the hot, the longer the ppm linger in the urine.
- A dose of alcohol. The more it is, the faster the person gets drunk and the longer the alcohol leaves the body.
After a long binge, the male body loses 0.1–0.15 ppm every hour, and the female one – 0.08–0.1.
The properties of beer are interesting: with small amounts, ppm disappears quickly, but after several liters of beer, its elimination rate decreases several times. After a glass of beer (500 ml), 2.5 hours should pass before the complete disappearance of alcohol in the urine.
With an average of 400 grams of vodka, they are entirely removed from the body in 22-24 hours, a bottle – more than two days.
Alcohol in the body
Drinking affects people in different ways: one pulls into sleep, the other to dance, and the third can become aggressive. However, this is not a complete description of what is happening in the body. Alcohol affects not only human behavior, but also has an adverse effect on internal organs, and the nervous and sexual system suffers the most.
The removal of ethanol can take several days, and all this time the destructive effect continues.
After alcohol enters the stomach, 3 phases of its processing pass:
- Suction. It starts with the first sip and ends with the penetration into the blood. By the way, it happens quite quickly in the stomach, in a few minutes.
- Saturation. At this stage, alcohol with blood is spread throughout the body and acts on the internal organs.
- Derivation. Alcohols begin to break down and come out with bodily fluids. Contains alcohol in urine and blood, saliva, breast milk, and even exhaled air.
How much time the alcohols are stored in the body cannot be answered accurately, because it is very individual.
Methods for determining the alcohol content
Today, there are several ways to detect the concentration of alcohol:
- A test is determining the amount of ethanol in exhaled air. You can take the analysis within 10 hours. Disadvantage: it is possible that the trace of ethanol will remain after drinking sour-milk drinks, mouth fresheners and in case of diseases of the stomach or caries.
- Test strips to detect traces of alcohol in the saliva. The method has the same disadvantages as described above.
- Blood test. The indicator depends on what component of the physiological fluid was investigated. Alcohol is hydrophilic; that is, the highest concentration is observed in the transferred plasma (watery part).
- Analysis of urine. In urine, alcohols persist more extended than in the blood. This method is also not without flaws. The result of the study may depend on the factors listed above and on how long the bladder was empty before delivery.
Despite advances in medicine, there is no exact way to determine the degree of intoxication. The most reliable are studies of urine and blood. Such analyzes of urine after alcohol are done only for offenses.
What affects the rate of ethanol elimination?
How long the traces of alcohol will remain in a person depends on many reasons. it
- The number of alcoholic beverages. The more pure ethanol got into the blood, the longer it will be removed.
- Type of drink: beer, brandy, wine. How long the alcohol lasts may depend on the quality, strength, additional impurities. For example, cheap drinks, especially carbonated, contain some components that aggravate the influence of alcohol and lead to fluid retention in tissues, Alcohol after them will be released later than after a good brandy.
- Gender and weight of a person. Alcohol has less effect on the organisms of men and people with a large body mass and is more rapidly excreted. The more weight, the faster the alcohol goes.
- Health status. The liver is responsible for splitting alcohol. If a person is sick, her efforts are aimed at removing toxins, so the amount of alcohol in the blood and urine is greater than in healthy people.
- A frequency of use. If you drink alcohol systematically (especially in large quantities), it will stay in the body longer than that of a rare drinker.
Alcohol gets into saliva most quickly, mixing with it in the oral cavity, then into blood and breast milk (in 30–50 minutes). In human urine traces of ethanol appear after it is broken down by the liver, that is, after a few hours. Even a day later, you can find that the spirits are not brought out. Remember, alcohol in the urine can stay from several hours to several days.
To say how much time exactly keeps alcohol in the urine, can not any specialist or lab worker. Average data can be viewed in the table below.
|Drink, ml||Men, hours||Women, hours|
|Beer 4% (500 ml)||1.5||3|
|Wine 9-11% (100 ml)||one||1.5|
|Champagne (100 ml)||one||2|
|Liquor 30% (100 ml)||3||4.5|
|Vodka 40% (100 ml)||4.5||6|
|Cognac 42% (100 ml)||4.5||6.5|
As can be seen from the table, how much alcohol is held depends on the sex of the person and the strength of the drinks consumed. But the data are average; the real result depends on the metabolism and other factors.
For example, how much alcohol is kept in the urine after drinking beer depends on the amount of fusel oils and other impurities in it.
You should not drink easily digestible alcoholic beverages in large quantities if an important event or trip is coming tomorrow. Even if there are no signs of intoxication and lousy breath, alcohol can still affect the life of a drunk person and others. Sometimes traces of alcohol can be identified with the help of laboratory tests, even after a few days.