Baytril is a veterinary antibiotic used for dogs and other animals. Because of its broad spectrum of action, it can be used for pathologies caused by gram-positive or gram-negative bacteria.
When properly applied it helps to get rid of the disease of bactericidal origin effectively.
What is included in the composition?
Enrofloxacin is responsible for the destruction of bacteria in the drug. The structure also includes additional components:
- potassium hydroxide;
- butyl alcohol;
- water for injections.
The concentration of the active substance can be 2.5%, 5%, and 10%. For dogs, only Baytril 5%, and 2.5% is used. Due to its high concentration, 10% of medicine is used only for large animals (pigs, calves) or can be used in a diluted form for drinking poultry.
Available only in the form of a solution for injection, which has a light yellow color. Drug liquid is packed in dark glass bottles and must be sealed with rubber stoppers.
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The drug belongs to the fluoroquinolone antibiotics. Its principle of operation is that the active substance prevents the division of the DNA of harmful bacteria. As a result, they cease to multiply and die. The drug affects different types of bacteria:
- mycoplasma and others
After injection, the active substance of the drug along with the bloodstream quickly reaches the focus of the disease. The active substance is distributed throughout all organs and systems. It allows you to effectively apply the drug for various bactericidal diseases. He begins to act after 20-30 minutes. The action lasts for 24 hours, so injections are enough to do once a day.
Note! If the recommended doses are observed, Baytril is well tolerated by animals, has no toxic effect, but in the case of overdose, it may contribute to the deterioration of the pet’s health.
How Long Does Baytril Stay in Dog’s System?
It’s dose dependent. Are you inquiring how much time it’s therapeutic amounts last or how long you will come across residues in tissues? In a dog, the high-end dosing provides a half-life of 12 hours, which means it’s therapeutic effect drops off after 24 hours.
When is it applied?
The drug has a wide spectrum of action. The instructions indicate that Baytril for dogs prescribed for diseases caused by harmful bacteria, respiratory, urinary and other systems. Usually, the drug is used to treat such diseases of the respiratory organs:
- pneumonia, etc.
The medicine is successfully applied in other pathologies as well:
- with streptococcosis;
- with glomerulonephritis;
- with salmonellosis;
- with purulent inflammation of the bladder;
- with septicemia;
- with various mycoses;
- with dysentery;
- with phlegmon;
- with balanoposthitis, etc.
The antibiotic can also be used to treat secondary infections in viral diseases and pathologies caused by pathogens sensitive to enrofloxacin.
Despite the wide range of actions, it is impossible to use the drug without consulting a doctor and establishing an accurate diagnosis. If He, its course can be aggravated. Do not self-medicate.
Instructions for use
Baytril injections are done once a day, using the subcutaneous method of administration. The dose of the drug is calculated based on weight – 5 mg of enrofloxacin per 1 kg of body weight:
- If Baytril is used 2.5%, then per kilogram of animal weight will need 0.2 ml of solution.
- If a 5% solution is used, its dose is 1 ml per 10 kg of weight.
he drug is very painful. Therefore it is not allowed to inject large ml of 5 ml in one place, for representatives of small breeds – 2.5 ml.
To enter the solution should be slow to reduce pain. Sometimes painkillers are taken, but only a doctor can prescribe them. To avoid possible unpleasant consequences, you must perform the following actions:
- Gently pull off the skin at the withers.
- Massage the injection site lightly.
- Slowly inject the drug. If the dose is large, enter in several places.
Try not to give injections in the same place. The duration of treatment is from 3 to 10 days and is determined by the doctor depending on the pathology, symptoms, general health.
If within 3 days the condition of the dog does not improve, it is necessary to repeat the tests for pathogens sensitivity to fluoroquinolones. If the result is negative, another antibacterial agent should be selected. It is recommended to give injections at one time.
Skipping medication or breaking the treatment regimen may adversely affect efficacy. If the injection is still missed for any reason, return to treatment should be at the earliest opportunity. At the same time, it is not necessary to increase the dose of the drug.
When to use is not worth it and what could be the consequences?
- The use of Baytril for dogs is unacceptable in such cases:
- puppies up to 1 year, until the bone skeleton, is fully formed;
- during pregnancy;
- in diseases of the nervous system, accompanied by convulsions; during lactation;
- with intolerance to the components;
- with pathologies of cartilage tissue.
Also, the use should be abandoned if the disease is caused by resistant microorganisms to the drug.
Note! It is strictly forbidden to use Baytril in conjunction with tetracycline, macrolides, levomycetin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Baytril has a strong effect on the animal’s body and can cause side effects. Usually, they are manifested by problems with digestion. An animal can have:
- loose stools;
- lack of appetite and other symptoms.
Also, an antibiotic can cause an allergic reaction, which is manifested by skin rashes, redness, itching, problems with respiratory function, and so on.
In the event of negative reactions of the body, the drug should be stopped, and the animal should be given an antihistamine, and symptomatic treatment should be used.
If the medication is being injected too quickly or incorrectly, seals may occur at the injection site. They easily turn into sepsis, which can cause hair loss and other problems. If there is not enough experience, it is better to entrust the injection to the doctor.
Important points of storage and use
You need to store the medicine at a temperature of 5 to 25 degrees Celsius. It is important that the storage location is inaccessible to children and direct ultraviolet rays. The solution is sealed packaging retains its pharmacological properties for 3 years on production dates (can be viewed on the package).
After opening the bottle, the medicine can be used only for 28 days, and after that, it should be disposed of. Compliance with special measures for disposal is not required. If the sealing of the bottle is broken, the solution has become cloudy, or there are impurities in it, sediment, it cannot be used to treat pets.
When working with Baytril, it is necessary to follow the general rules for the use of veterinary products. If the solution comes into contact with the skin or mucous membranes, wash them with plenty of running water. In the event of an allergic reaction, you should consult a doctor for help, taking the package of the medicine with you.