What is heroin?
Heroin is derived from opium, which was formerly known or commonly known as opium, which is what people call great tobacco and smoke soil. It originated from poppy plants. The plant blooms in summer, and the petals show off when they fall off.
Cut the shell of the fruit, white juice outflow, air oxidation, air-drying into a brown or black paste, that is, raw opium, raw opium can be made into big smoke by simple processing.
Heroin has great harm to human physical and mental health. Long-term smoking and injection of heroin can lead to depersonalization, psychological metamorphosis, and shortening of lifespan, especially for the nervous system.
The original heroin was used as a drug for abstinence from morphine and was found to have a stronger drug dependence than morphine, which is more addictive. Moreover, its addiction is the highest incidence and most significant harm to opioids.
Heroin has a different molecular formula due to its definition. Heroin is C21H23NO5, and heroin hydrochloride is C21H24ClNO5
How long does Heroin stay in the body?
up to 12 hours
Up to 90 days
Urine Blood Saliva Hair
How Long Does Heroin stay in Urine?
Heroin is detectable in a urine test for 3-4 days.
How Long Does Heroin Stay in the Blood?
A blood test will detect Heroin for up to 12 hours.
How Long Will Heroin Show Up in a Saliva Test?
A saliva test will detect Heroin from 1-10 days.
How Long Does Heroin Stay in Hair?
Heroin stays in hair up to 90 days.
Drug Testing For Heroin
Method # 1: HPLC chromatogram of a morphine urine sample
The peaks are located at 2625 and 2500 cm-1, and the C-N bond is stretching vibrational absorption peak is located at 1250 cm-1, which coincides with the height of the C-O bond stretching vibration of the acetyl group.
If the heroin molecule contains crystal water, a weak spike usually appears at 3600~3100cm-1, which is absorbed by the stretching vibration of OH, and a weak broad peak seems at 1645~1615cm-1, which is the bending vibration absorption of OH.
Therefore, in the infrared spectrum of heroin, the weak peaks appearing at 3447, 3397, and 1627 cm-1 should belong to the stretching vibration absorption of O-H in the crystal water in the molecular structural formula of heroin.
Method # 2: Raman spectroscopy
The heroin standards have distinct Raman peaks at 286, 355, 454, 532, and 630 cm-1, especially Raman signals at 532 and 630 cm-1.
It is the Raman characteristic peak of heroin that can be used as a basis for determining whether the analyte is heroin.
However, the heroin test spectrum sampled by the customs often has only strong fluorescence signals, and there is no Raman characteristic peak of heroin.
This is mainly due to the strong fluorescence of the heroin dopant, which largely shields the Raman spectrum detection.
If Raman spectroscopy is used, there is often a weak characteristic Raman signal of heroin, indicating that micro Raman spectroscopy can reduce the interference of fluorescence on the detection.
What are the symptoms of heroin poisoning?
The most significant symptoms of heroin poisoning are
- needle-like pupils
- respiratory depression
This is called “triple disease.” Several minutes after the occurrence of a triad, the death can be caused without timely rescue. Heroin abuse not only causes severe
- the reproductive and endocrine system
- low self-esteem
- emotional disorder
which is related to the number of drug users, drug abuse, abuse and relapse times.
How Long Does Heroin Stay In Your System?
What are the withdrawal symptoms of Heroin?
Physiological dependence is also called physical dependence. Repeated continuous use of drugs by heroin users causes the body to adapt. Once it is interrupted, it produces a series of intense withdrawal symptoms such as
- blowing nose
- abdominal pain
- bone and muscle soreness
after about 36 hours, the reaction increased, the body felt extremely cold, trembling, both feet involuntarily scurrying, rolling on the ground, incontinence, sometimes caught in the body, sometimes head against the wall, and sustainable for several days.
Later, the body fell into extreme weakness. In this process, symptoms such as fever and dehydration may occur, and severe cases may cause convulsions and respiratory failure until death.
What are the processes for eliminating heroin?
For drugs, everyone should expose their true colors, see through the nature of harming people, actively stay away from drugs, and what are the processes for eliminating heroin?
Detoxification is the only way to save drug users, so drug addicts should actively take detoxification measures to keep themselves away from drugs and away from harm. So, what are the processes for eliminating heroin? Let’s take a look at the expert’s answer together.
First, the detoxification stage:
What is the process of this heroin? Mainly using cold turkey method, gradient ringing heroin method, alternative detoxification therapy, other drug treatment methods to enable drug addicts to successfully pass the acute withdrawal reaction period, help solve physical withdrawal symptoms, and make drug use Those who can get rid of medications without physical pain. This phase usually takes 1 to 3 weeks or more.
Second, the rehabilitation stage:
The completion of detoxification is by no means the end of the treatment of heroin. In conventional detoxification treatment, the role of the drug only eliminates the symptoms of physical withdrawal, and the methods of ringing heroin have psychological and neurological functions. The physical condition has not recovered, and the behavior has not been corrected. These are the factors that lead to relapse. Therefore, there is a need to have a process to deal with protracted withdrawal symptoms, psychological and behavioral problems after detoxification. This process is the rehabilitation stage.
Third, nursing interventions
# 1 Mental Symptom Care
Those with the apparent personality disorder and abnormal personality will be monitored intensively to strengthen safety care.
Through psychological care such as persuasion, isolation, and diversion, avoid conflicts as much as possible, so that the emotions are stable.
If necessary, use restraint belts to restrain the bed, observe regularly, increase the amount of sedation and hypnosis, and take care to prevent falls and accidents.
#2 Sleep disorder care
Sleep disorders are one of the most unbearable symptoms of detoxification, often leading to anxiety, irritability, emotional impulses and agitation.
Some drug addicts have therefore shaken their determination to detoxify or use this as an excuse to clash with medical staff.
Nursing staff should promptly carry out sleep hygiene knowledge education, actively carry out individual psychological counseling, supervise and guide patients to establish a good sleep mode, encourage them to wake up and sleep at night, and alleviate or relieve the mental and physical tension caused by various relaxation training. Insomnia.
# 3 Psychological care
It is necessary to understand and always pay attention to the drug cravings that occur during the detoxification of drug addicts, and to teach drug addicts the knowledge of drug rehabilitation in a timely manner, to guide them to have a correct understanding of their own diseases, to face the reality, to encourage them to face life correctly, and to use them scientifically.
Supportive psychotherapy to help patients overcome negative emotions such as depression, inferiority, pessimism, self-blame, actively promote the healthy development of their personality, and fully mobilize the family care support system to reduce family discrimination and prejudice, and help to enhance the detoxification Confidence in disease.
Fourth, the follow-up care phase:
What are the processes for eliminating heroin? The follow-up care phase refers to the method of quitting heroin.
After returning to society, a supervisory, supportive, and help system is established to provide follow-up care, to provide psychological, professional or vocational counseling and other support for the method of heroin.
And help so that they can adapt and integrate into normal social life as an average person. This phase takes 1 to 3 months or more.
Effects of heroin
The consequences of using heroin after a few receptions a drug addict needs heroin-like in the air. And none of the drug addicts does not think about the fact that drug use for everyone has its consequences:
• the immune system weakens;
• teeth crumble;
• gums become inflamed;
• broken chair;
• pours cold sweat;
• itching appears;
• develop diseases of the respiratory system;
• lost appetite;
• in women, the menstrual cycle is broken;
• reduced libido in women, and in men impotence;
• lost orgasm latina feeling;
• there is a loss of memory;
• the person becomes withdrawn and depressed;
• a rash appears on the face;
• disturbed sleep or sleepwalking;
• motor functions are lost;
a depleted organism is in a state between life and death.
Physical dependence on heroin
Heroin addiction physical and psychological after the first dose of heroin, a person has a desire to experience euphoric sensations again. In biochemistry, this is due to the fact that when taking heroin into the nervous system fall artificial endorphins, so the body synthesizes these substances less, and gradually adapts to their influx.
There is an addiction to the drug. In order to return pleasant sensations, the dose has to be increased. In a week or two of admission comes complete dependency on drugs. In some cases, the first signs of” withdrawal ” appear after two or three doses of heroin. Most often it occurs in people who are hypersensitive to heroin powder.
Those who are “firmly hooked on the needle” begin to notice that heroin does not bring them the desired pleasure, but continue to consume it. They are afraid of withdrawal syndromes, that is, “withdrawal”, which brings terrible torment.
All this happens because the nerve cell itself can not synthesize endorphins, as used to work in conditions of their overabundance from taking the drug. The longer the continued use of the drug lasts, the harder it is to tolerate withdrawal.
The sensations are so painful that the pain seems unbearable. During the” withdrawal ” without a strong sleeping, drug addict can not sleep. And the body is severely depleted, as drinking and eating become impossible.
After 5-6 years of taking heroin “withdrawal” really threatens life. After such a period, the body of a 20-year-old boy who takes drugs is akin to the body of an 80-year-old man.
Opiate drug substance on the physical level simply leads the body into a stupor, human feelings are paralyzed.
As for the mental state, drugs are an escape from the harsh realities of life by chemical means. A key to the “fast buzz”, which allows you to relax, but takes health and even life. Drugs allow us to perceive the world differently, but it does not last long. Such flight false, after all actually nothing changes, and the person, having recovered, begins to understand that everything on the places, only the nervous system grew old. Often, after a meeting with heroin, living in society becomes much more difficult.
The main intellectual center of man is the brain. Isocortex – the neocortex – it is a kind of processor. This is the area that distinguishes the human brain from the animal brain. The main difference is that a person has the ability to perceive himself as a person. Animals have no sense of their own existence.
It is for self-perception, according to neurophysiologists, that the parts of the brain located in the forehead are responsible. This allows a person to distinguish themselves from the crowd and control their activities.
Why do young people return to heroin addiction?
This happens for several reasons, often depending on the mental state of the addict:
1. Reduction of energy level.
A drug addict used to be in high tension. For him, carelessness and a sudden burst of energy – the norm. When a person returns to normal life, it seems to him that he is some kind of loose and inhibited. He wants the power drive.
2. Memory lane.
Our memory is arranged so that the bad is forgotten very quickly. The human psyche pushes the unpleasant moments of life beyond the line of consciousness, translating them into the unconscious sphere.
Thus, the vile memories of” withdrawal ” after a certain time move away, but the feeling of enjoying heroin in the memory remains forever.
If a person has stopped taking the drug, he is left alone. With those who remained in heroin crowd, it is impossible to contact, others simply aren’t present. The old friends had their own interests: studies, family, work. Therefore, the former drug addict, who even more stopped thinking with his head, has to arrange life in a new way.
Society does not trust him, to put it mildly, and this isolation can cause a relapse.
4. Hurt feelings.
Loving yourself isn’t depraved. It’s just a desire to keep the person from self-destructing. It’s hard for a former addict to realize that he lost so much time, and now no one needs to communicate with him. Many people face such situations.
Therefore, they are closed from the outside world, any moralizing perceived as an insult to their self-esteem. That’s when the return to the heroin party can happen. In the company of drug addicts, he begins to feel like a fish in the water.
5. “Just once.”
The fact that a heroin addict can be sometimes and not be dependent on it is a myth. Many drug addicts want to get rid of the systematic use of heroin but think about the “disappointment”.
Drug dealers say that one-time reception of substance is possible. However, forget about the heroine need forever. Thinking about the fact that “once you can” may be the main reason for the return to drugs.
6. Communication with drug addicts.
Contact with drug addicts often becomes the cause of failure. In such company friends, there is no. Here one wants to sell a drug, and others-to receive the next dose at the expense of someone.