Hallucinogenic mushrooms contain psilocybin and psilocin substances that may produce LSD-like effects. Psilocybin is also known as the magic mushroom purple passion and mushrooms.
These psychoactive chemicals are classified under Annex 1 of the Controlled Substances Act, which may give rise to severe penalties for possessing and marketing them.
Knowing how they behave within the human body and how long they remain at an individual’s system can help you realise why they are prohibited.
The effects of psilocybin on your system
Psilocybin (4-phosphoryloxy, N-Dimethyltryptamine) is found in specific varieties of fungi. They can be found in nature in many places. Users can harvest themselves or buy them from others. They can be eaten fresh or dry, or made in a tea.
In the body, psilocybin becomes psilocin. It’s thought to act on serotonin levels in mind, since it’s a serotonin analogue.
Studies with brain imaging during the use of psilocybin have shown that some areas of the brain have decreased activity, while there may also be more communication between different regions of the brain, leading to altered and unusual perceptions.
The effects take about 30 to 45 minutes to start, reach a maximum in about 90 minutes and can last up to 6 hours. This coincides with the time when the metabolite psilocin enters the bloodstream and is then primarily eliminated through the kidneys.
Physical effects include nausea and yawning. Mental effects include feeling relaxed and having subjective experiences that may seem spiritual. But there may be unpleasant mental effects that include nervousness, paranoia, and panic reactions.
The Half-Life of psilocin is 50 minutes, and after 3 hours approximately two-thirds of a dose has been removed through the kidneys in the urine.
In general, it takes five to six half-lives for a substance to be removed entirely from the system.
Dosing is an important factor in the effects felt by those taking psilocybin, but studies found that age, personality traits, emotions, and Environment also affected if the experience was unpleasant.
How long does psilocybin last in your system?
The immediate effects of psilocybin use disappear within 6 to 12 hours. Some studies and sources report that users may have long-term changes in personality, lasting more than a year.
Some users have reported retrospective experiences long after taking mushrooms.
Psilocybin is not tested on a typical urine drug screening test, such as for use. Specific tests may be requested if suspected. Many substances can remain in the hair follicles for up to 90 days.
Risks of fungi and psilocybin
One of the most significant dangers of mushroom use is fungal poisoning. Even experienced mushroom hunters can confuse a highly poisonous fungus with which they tried to collect.
Fungal poisoning can cause catastrophic liver damage and death unless there is immediate access to a liver transplant.
Nausea is a common side effect of ingestion of hallucinogenic fungi.
There is a risk of “bad travel” and possibly continuing effects. Research has just begun in the area of lasting results.