Impact of alcohol and drugs on teenage pregnancy

Unfortunately, the inexorable numbers of medical statistics indicate a steady increase in the number of women, expectant mothers who suffer from substance abuse. Pregnancy and drugs – a hazardous, terrifying combination, in most cases leading to fetal death, premature birth and miscarriage.

The effect of drugs on fetal development is catastrophic. Moreover, even a single dose of a light narcotic drug can cause irreparable damage to the development of the future child. And the intake of such substances on a regular basis repeatedly increases the risk of having a baby with various pathologies. For this reason, all women who suffer from addiction and who decide to become pregnant are strongly recommended to undergo full-fledged inpatient treatment.

Medications and pregnancy

Women who are addicted to narcotic substances are generally at risk of not knowing what motherhood is. This has a negative impact on the state of the reproductive system of psychoactive compounds. And in the overwhelming majority of cases, even when the conception occurred, the pregnancy will end in miscarriage.

In the case of premature birth, modern doctors can save a baby weighing only 500 g, but if his mother is a drug addict, the efforts to save will be equal to zero.

Impact on the expectant mother

Cases of preterm labor in drug addicts are quite understandable. After all, pregnant, being in the gestational period (the number of full weeks of gestation) and consuming drugs, many times increases the load on your own body. A pregnant drug addict is usually illiterate and malnourished, and the narcotic substances that regularly enter her body inhibit and stop the work of all the organs that are extremely important for a full-time gestation.

The result is constant fatigue, extreme nutritional deficiencies, minerals, and vitamins, which leads to increased bone fragility, chronically poor health and the appearance of many pathologies. Healthy women are usually carefully prepared for the period of pregnancy. They strictly monitor the diet, take the necessary vitamin complexes, carefully monitor their health, regularly undergo the necessary examinations, pass all tests.

And those ladies for whom drugs have become an essential and integral part of life belong to themselves and the unborn child much more indifferent. Which leads to some negative factors. For example:

  • stillbirth
  • panic attacks
  • pathological childbirth
  • uterine bleeding
  • depressive states
  • irritability, mood swings
  • the development of profound iron deficiency anemia
  • inflammation of the liver, kidneys, urinary tract
  • the extreme degree of preeclampsia (complicated pregnancy), accompanied by severe edema, pressure jumps, persistent fainting.

The effect of drugs on pregnancy is such that the female body is destroyed. But this is not the worst thing that happens with a female drug addict.

Given that the body of the future mother is inseparably connected with the developing embryo, all the narcotic substances entering the female body easily penetrate the placental barrier, and they end up in the fetus. The consequences are terrifying.

Impact on the fetus

Many ignorant ordinary people believe that drugs do not harm if taken in the first trimester of the term since the placenta has not yet been formed at this stage. But such a belief is wrong. The full bond at the physical level between the fetus and the mother arises immediately after conception.

Many drugs are forbidden to take in the first months of pregnancy, as they become dangerous for the unborn baby. This also applies to drugs.

It is not for nothing that according to statistics the most significant number of miscarriages occurs precisely at the beginning of the gestational period.

At this time, nature itself gets rid of the unviable embryo – this is a normal process, relating to natural selection. But in many cases, the drug-addicted pregnancy persists, leading to the birth of babies with a large number of different pathologies.

Speaking about how drugs affect pregnancy, we can cite the following observations made by doctors for their many years of practice. Moreover, it was found that various types of narcotic drugs have their negative impact. In particular:


  • stillbirth
  • placental abruption
  • preterm delivery
  • numerous pathologies.


  • destruction of the CNS embryo
  • fetal death of the fetus
  • birth of a child with profound neuropsychic disorders.

Marijuana and Hashish:

  • atrophy of the cerebral cortex
  • newborn blindness
  • severe hypoxia
  • pathologies of physical development
  • delayed physical and mental development.


  • stillbirth
  • preterm delivery
  • mental disorders of the child
  • eclampsia (critical degree of preeclampsia).

Substance abuse (inhalation of toxic fumes):

  • tachycardia
  • early death
  • CNS damage
  • mutations at the gene level
  • a decrease in intellectual abilities
  • cardiovascular disease in the infant.


  • hydrocephalus
  • external anomalies
  • underdevelopment of the brain
  • physical pathologies
  • deviations in neuropsychic development.


  • stillbirth
  • preterm delivery
  • the sudden death of a baby
  • hypoxia severe embryo
  • congenital addiction of the infant;

abstinence syndrome (97–99% of cases), is expressed in persistent muscle pain, a convulsive state, and lacrimation.
Given that future mother addicts are usually very poorly and poorly fed, the developing fetus is experiencing an acute shortage of nutrients. And the fact that the mother’s blood vessels are in a chronically constricted state due to drugs also affects the blood supply of the embryo. The result is the strongest hypoxia.

Women addicts have a large number of births with the birth of babies with already inborn drug addiction.

Such a barely born baby experiences the syndrome of the most real drug breaking, which manifests itself in the form of:

  • chills;
  • severe cramps;
  • trembling limbs;
  • jumps in body temperature.

In the process of development, these children are markedly different from their peers. They are easily agitated, unbalanced, differ in the increased drowsiness and the extremely weak immunity. Education will be given to them with great difficulty due to poor memory and inability to concentrate. Typically, these children are trained in specialized boarding schools and have a disability.

Statistical data

Drug abuse never passes for the future mother without a trace. But the child himself suffers more, of course. In almost 100% of cases, an infant born to a drug addict mother has any mental or physical abnormalities. It is worth paying attention to the dry statistics figures, which only confirm these statements:

Cerebral edema: 15–20%.
Heart defects: 45–50%.
Underweight: 60–65%.
Underdevelopment of the skeleton and muscles: 35–40%.
Premature infant death: 80–85%.
Mental deviations (oligophrenia, developmental delay): 70–75%.
Available physical anomalies (cleft lip, cleft palate, other deformities): 65–70%.

Drug treatment for pregnant women

For doctors, this task becomes complicated. But the only one, the solution of which helps to reduce the chance of the birth of a baby with numerous pathologies.

The probability of cure for women addicts increases significantly if the expectant mother herself realizes the entire risk of her addiction both for herself and for the unborn child.

The process of treating pregnant drug users is carried out in two ways:

  • Drug treatment.
  • Psychotherapeutic therapy.

If the work of a psychologist does not entail risks for the embryo, then taking medicines in the event of pregnancy sometimes acquires a strict framework and becomes extremely difficult. Mainly, such treatment comes down to making the following types of drugs:

  • antispasmodics
  • hepatoprotective
  • nootropic drugs
  • multivitamin complexes
  • means to detoxify the body.

In some cases, narcologists are prescribed to take tranquilizers, sedative medications, and psychotropic drugs. Such prescription of aggressive medications is quite rare and is carried out exclusively in the clinic, under the strict supervision of a medic.

To reduce the risk of an adverse effect of drugs on the development of the embryo, at least 3-4 months before conception it is necessary to exclude the use of any drugs from your life completely.